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Graphic User Interface Faq¶

All four of the widget types you’ve learned about—Label, Button, Entry, and Text—have a master attribute that’s set when you instantiate them. That way, you can control which Frame a widget is assigned to. Frame widgets are great for organizing other widgets in a logical manner. Related widgets can be assigned to the same frame so that, if the frame is ever moved in the window, then the related widgets stay together.


The whole window should have a minimum height of 800 pixels, and txt_edit should have a minimum width of 800 pixels. The whole layout should be responsive so that if the window is resized, then txt_edit is resized as well. The width of the Frame holding the buttons should not change, however.

graphical user interface python

Next you can create the sizer you want to use and the widgets. To make things easier, you can create a helper method called .add_widgets() for adding the wx.StaticText widgets as rows with the software construccion text control instances. Then you add your button to the panel and give it a label. To prevent the widgets from overlapping, you need to set the y-coordinate to 55 for the button’s position.

graphical user interface python

Examples of embedding CEF browser control are available for many popular GUI toolkits such as PyQt, PySide, wxPython, PyGTK, PyGObject, Kivy and PyGame/PyOpenGL. In this tutorial, you learned how to get started with Python GUI programming. These two lines of code create a grid with two rows and one column in the fr_buttons frame since both btn_open and btn_save have their master attribute set to fr_buttons. btn_open is put in the first row and btn_save in the second row so that btn_open appears above btn_save in the layout, just you planned in your sketch. The three widgets will be arranged so that the two buttons are on the left-hand side of the window, and the text box is on the right-hand side.

  • It’s an event-driven framework based around a main loop, and is thus very suitable for game development.
  • Your application adds callbacks from the main loop at a scheduled frequency, or by one-off trigger.
  • A typical Tk application starts by constructing a widget that is attached to the root window and that runs its main loop.
  • Widgets specify functions to be called in reaction to events .
  • The Kivy framework is very powerful for handling everything from widgets to animation, and includes its own language for describing user interface and interactions.
  • These functions are called by the Tk main loop when the events occur.

You can arrange these in a grid with a single row and one column for each widget. That gets you a minimally working application, but it isn’t very user-friendly. Use widgets to create the components of the user interface. When you create a Tkinter application, you must call window.mainloop() to start the event loop.

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The wxPython toolkit has more than one hundred widgets to choose from. This allows you to create rich applications, but it can also be daunting trying to figure out which widget to use. This is why the wxPython Demo is helpful, as it has a search filter that you can use to help you find the widgets that might apply to your project. The wxPython GUI toolkit is a Python wrapper around a C++ library called wxWidgets. The initial release of wxPython was in 1998, so wxPython has been around quite a long time. wxPython’s primary difference from other toolkits, such as PyQt or Tkinter, is that wxPython uses the actual widgets on the native platform whenever possible.

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During the event loop, your application checks if an event has occurred. Lines 5 and 6 create a new Frame widget called frame1, one that’s 150 pixels wide and 150 pixels tall, and pack it into the window with .pack().

What is the best language for GUI development?

The GUI apps that you see written in C++ are generally done so due to legacy reasons. Python (with Qt or Gtk) is very much viable for GUI applications, as is C# if you work in a Windows house. When starting something new, either is very much preferred to C++ because of the lack of plumbing work that has to be done.

They can be configured to call a function whenever they’re clicked. You’ll cover how to call functions from button clicks in the next section. For now, take a look at how to create and style a Button.

graphical user interface python