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Chapter 1 Differences Between Command Line Interface And Graphical User Interface


Applications may also provide both interfaces, and when they do the GUI is usually a WIMP wrapper around the command-line version. This is especially common with applications designed for Unix-like operating systems. The latter used to be implemented first because it allowed the developers to focus exclusively on their product’s functionality without bothering about interface details such as designing icons and placing buttons. Designing programs this way also allows users to run the program in a shell script. A graphical user interface uses graphics, along with a keyboard and a mouse, to provide an easy-to-use interface to a program.

2 Detailed Task Analysis Result

A GUI provides windows, pull-down menus, buttons, scrollbars, iconic images, wizards, other icons, and the mouse to enable users to interact with the operating system or application. A graphical user interface is a way to communicate what you want to a computer application or operating system without typing the instructions in. We can trace the history of the user interface from command-line interfaces to graphical ones . The main pieces of a GUI are a pointer, icons, windows, menus, scroll bars, and an intuitive input device. Some common GUIs are the ones associated with Microsoft Windows, Mac OSX, Chrome OS, GNOME, KDE, and Android. GUIs sort of bring computers and users out of the stone age and into the future. Graphical user interfaces are generally thought more easy to use than command lines.

graphical user interface types

Command lines are faster than graphical user interfaces and can be used to give special commands to the computer. It also allows users to run more than one program at the same time. There are a variety of university-level computer-human interaction programs. Although a few offer breath and diversity, many students graduate from universities that offer only one or two CHI courses.

  • The user can select any object he or she wants freely by moving the cursor to the top of the object and clicking a button on the mouse.
  • On the screen, there is a special icon called a cursor whose position defines the current focus of the user, and all input given by the user will be delivered to the window where the cursor is located.
  • There are multiple types of windows in a graphical user interface, such as container window, browser window, text terminal window, child window, message window etc.
  • GUI representations are manipulated by a pointing device such as a mouse, trackball, stylus, or a finger on a touchscreen.
  • This interface uses icons, menus, and other graphics representations to display information and related user controls, unlike text-based interfaces, where data and commands are in text.

Because there are now many types of digital devices available, GUIs must be designed for the appropriate type of input. For example, a desktop operating system, such as OS X, includes a menu bar and windows with small icons that can be easily navigated using a mouse. A mobile OS, like iOS, includes larger icons and supports touch commands like swiping and pinching to zoom in or zoom out. Automotive interfaces are often designed to be controlled with knobs and buttons, and TV interfaces are built to work with a remote control.

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Global AS-Interface Market (2020-

There are also actions performed by programs that affect the GUI. For example, there are components like inotify or D-Bus to facilitate communication between computer programs. Window managers and other software combine to simulate the desktop environment with varying degrees of realism.

Comparison To Other Interfaces

Top 5 smartphone user interfaces based on ease of use and experience – Business Standard

Top 5 smartphone user interfaces based on ease of use and experience.

Posted: Tue, 06 Aug 2019 07:00:00 GMT [source]

Many modern graphical user interfaces feature touchscreen and voice-command interaction capabilities. Graphical user interface wrappers find a way around the command-line interface versions of Linux and Unix-like software applications and their text-based user interfaces or typed command labels. By starting a GUI wrapper, users can intuitively interact with, start, stop, and change its working parameters, through graphical icons and visual indicators of a desktop environment, for example.

How Does A Graphical User Interface Work?

graphical user interface types

Correspondingly, their positive view of the Macintosh system is almost double that of the Windows users .Correspondingly, brand loyalty among Macintosh users is almost 20% higher than that for Windows users . GUI stands for graphical user interface and is pronounced GOO-ee or gooey. A GUI contains graphic elements such as windows, menus, icons, and links that you select when you’re working with an operating system, software application, or mobile app. As you read this, you are looking at the GUI or graphical user interface of your particular Web browser. The command interface of the DOS operating system is an example of the typical user-computer interface before GUIs arrived. GUI is an interface that allows users to interact with different electronic devices using icons and other visual indicators. The graphical user interfaces were created because command line interfaces were quite complicated and it was difficult to learn all the commands in it.

What are interface features?

Interface features are the things that you can see, touch and feel – and experience. These are the things that deliver user experience because they are the bridge that gives you access to the functions of that product.

As such, most students have a limited background in the various CHI areas. This article offers a general overview in one area, graphical user interfaces . A GUI allows a computer user to move from application to application . A good GUI makes an application easy, practical, and efficient to use, and the marketplace success of today’s software programs depends on good GUI design. Computer users view Apple’s Macintosh computers as having the best GUI.

What is GUI and its advantages?

Advantage #1 – GUIs enable interaction through clarity and control. The primary objective of every GUI is to deliver the kind of clarity that will allow its users to rapidly begin engaging and interacting with it in meaningful ways.

A three-dimensional computing environment can also be useful in other uses, like molecular graphics, aircraft design and Phase Equilibrium Calculations/Design of unit operations and chemical processes. Windows 95, accompanied by an extensive marketing campaign, was a major success in the marketplace at launch and shortly became the most popular desktop operating system.